Today in history 8/23/2020


Today in history, Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec on his third voyage to North America in 1541.

Today in history, After 11 years of war, Spain grants Mexican independence as a constitutional monarchy in 1821.

Today in historyBooker T. Washington (see picture below) forms the National Negro Business League in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900.

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Today in history, Fanny Farmer (see picture below), among the first to emphasize the relationship of diet to health, opens her School of Cookery in Boston in 1902.

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Today in history, German forces begin an assault on the major Soviet industrial city of Stalingrad in 1942.

Today in history, Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth (see picture below) from the moon in 1966.

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Today in history, A 5.8 earthquake centered at Mineral, Virginia, damages the Washington Monument, forcing the landmark to close for repairs in 2011.

Today in history 7/18/2020


Today in history, Robespierre, a deputy from Arras, France, decides to back the French Revolution in 1789.

Today in history, Uruguay adopts a liberal constitution in 1830.

Today in historyUnion and Confederate troops skirmish at Blackburn’s Ford, Virginia, in a prelude to the Battle of Bull Run in 1861.

Today in history, Inventor Thomas Edison (see picture below) records the human voice for the first time in 1877.

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Today in history, General Francisco Franco (see picture below) of Spain revolts against the Republican government, starting the Spanish Civil War in 1936.

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Today in history, The German Me-262, the first jet-propelled aircraft to fly in combat, makes its first flight in 1942.

Today in history 7/14/2020


Today in history, Hungarians defeat the Ottomans at the Battle of Belgrade, in present-day Yugoslavia in 1456.

Today in history, France and Portugal sign the Treaty of Lyons, aligning themselves against Spain in 1536.

Today in history, The Bastille, a fortress in Paris used to hold political prisoners, is stormed by a mob in 1789.

Today in history, European Allies retake Tientsin, China, from the rebelling Boxers in 1900.

Today in history, Howard Hughes (see picture below) and crew set a new world record for an around-the-world flight in 1938.

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Today in history, The George Washington Carver National Monument (see picture below) in Joplin, Missouri becomes the first national park honoring an African American in 1951.

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Today in history 6/29/2020


Today in history, Ferdinand III (see picture below) of Castile and Leon take Cordoba in Spain in 1236.

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Today in history, Massachusetts declares itself an independent commonwealth in 1652.

Today in history, France annexes Tahiti in 1880.

Today in history, The Ukraine proclaims independence from Russia in 1917.

Today in history, Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, and Olympic National Park, Washington, are founded in 1938.

Today in historyPresident Harry S. Truman (see picture below) authorizes a sea blockade of Korea in 1950.

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Today in history, Israel removes barricades, re-unifying Jerusalem in 1967.

Today in history 6/3/2020


Today in history, Christian Crusaders of the First Crusade seize Antioch, Turkey in 1098.

Today in history, Hernando De Soto claims Florida for Spain in 1539.

Today in history, The classic baseball poem “Casey at the Bat,” written by Ernest L. Thayer (see picture below), is published in the San Francisco Examiner in 1888.

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Today in history, The Finnish Parliament ratifies a treaty with Germany in 1918.

Today in history, The German Luftwaffe hits Paris with 1,100 bombs in 1940.

Today in history, Astronaut Edward White (see picture below) becomes the first American to walk in space when he exits the Gemini 4 space capsule in 1965.

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Today in history, The Chinese government begins its crackdown on pro-democracy activists in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square (see picture below). Hundreds are killed and thousands are arrested in 1989.

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