Today in history, The Treaty of Karlowitz ends the war between Austria and the Turks in 1699.
Today in history, Guilio Alberoni is ordered out of Spain after his abortive attempt to restore his country’s empire in 1720.
Today in history, A fleet of ships carrying convicts from England lands at Sydney Cove in Australia. The day is since known as Australia’s national day in 1788.
Today in history, Pinkerton agents, hunting Jesse James, kill his 18-year-old half-brother and seriously injure his mother with a bomb in 1875.
Today in history, General “Chinese” Gordon is killed on the palace steps in Khartoum by Sudanese Mahdists in Africa in 1885.
Today in history, Petrograd is renamed Leningrad in 1924.
Today in history, Eighty-four people are arrested in a segregation protest in Atlanta in 1964.
Today in history, Condoleezza Rice is appointed to the post of secretary of state. The post makes her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in a U.S. presidential cabinet in 2005.