Today in history 4/30/2020

WordleCh1-50Today in history, Licinius unifies the whole of the eastern Roman Empire under his own rule in 313.

Today in history, King Louis IX of France is ransomed in 1250.

Today in historyGeorge Washington is inaugurated as the first U.S. president in 1789.

Today in history,The United States doubles in size through the Louisiana Purchase, which was sold by France for $15 million in 1803.

Today in history, Giuseppe Garibaldi (see picture below), the Italian patriot and guerrilla leader, repulses a French attack on Rome in 1849.

Today in history, The Soviet Union proposes a military alliance with France and Great Britain in 1930.

Today in history, U.S. troops invade Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army base areas in 1970.

Today in history, Saigon falls as North Vietnamese forces gain control of the city. The Vietnam War formally ends as South Vietnam unconditionally surrenders in 1975.

Today in history 3/30/2020

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Today in history, Hyman L. Lipman (see picture below) of Philadelphia patents the pencil with an eraser attached on one end in 1858.

Today in history, Russian Baron Stoeckl and U.S. Secretary of State Seward complete the draft of a treaty ceding Alaska to the United States. The treaty is signed the following day in 1867.

Today in history, The 15th amendment, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, passes in 1870.

Today in history, The Queensboro Bridge in New York opens. It is the first double decker bridge and links Manhattan and Queens in 1909.

Today in history, Rodgers and Hammerstein’s first collaboration, Oklahoma, opens on Broadway in 1943.

Today in history, President Harry S Truman denounces Senator Joe McCarthy as a saboteur of U.S. foreign policy in 1950.

Today in historyThe Easter Offensive begins with North Vietnamese forces cross into Demilitarized Zone of South Vietnam. The offensive is the largest since the Korean War in 1972.

Today in history, Vincent Van Gogh’s Sunflowers is bought for $39.85 million.

Today in history 3/23/2020

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Today in history, France and England form an alliance against Spain in 1657.

Today in history, Handel’s Messiah is performed for the first time in London in 1743.

Today in history, American revolutionary hero Patrick Henry (see picture below), while addressing the House of Burgesses, declares “Give me liberty, or give me death!” in 1775.

Today in history, Etta Palm (see picture below), a Dutch champion of woman’s rights, sets up a group of women’s clubs called the Confederation of the Friends of Truth in 1791.

Today in history, Hungary proclaims its independence from Austria in 1848.

Today in historyElisha Otis (see picture below) installs the first modern passenger elevator in a public building, at the corner of Broome Street and Broadway in New York City in 1857.

Today in history, Eleazer A. Gardner of Philadelphia patents the cable street car, which runs on overhead cables in 1858.

Today in history, Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson faces his only defeat at the Battle of Kernstown, VA in 1862.

Today in historyTheodore Roosevelt begins an African safari sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society in 1909.

Today in history, Arthur G. Hamilton sets a new parachute record, safely jumping 24,400 feet in 1921.

Today in history, Captain Hawthorne Gray sets a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet in 1927.

Today in history,Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. calls the Vietnam War the biggest obstacle to the civil rights movement in 1967.

Today in history 2/13/2020

Today in history, Polycarp, a disciple of St. John and Bishop of Smyrna, is martyred on the west coast of Asia Minor in 0167.

Today in history, British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights in 1689.

Today in history, In the Glen Coe highlands of Scotland, thirty-eight members of the MacDonald clan are murdered by soldiers of the neighboring Campbell clan for not pledging allegiance to William of Orange. Ironically the pledge had been made but not communicated to the clans. The event is remembered as the Massacre of Glencoe in 1692.

Today in history, The four day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, begins in 1862.

Today in history, Jesse James holds up his first bank in 1866.

Today in history, The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) is founded in 1914.

Today in history, First social security checks are put in the mail in 1936.

Today in history, The Royal Air Force Bomber Command devastates the German city of Dresden with night raids by 873 heavy bombers. The attacks are joined by 521 American heavy bombers flying daylight raids in 1945.

Today in history, A mob burns a radio station in Ecuador after the broadcast of H.G. Wells’ “War of the Worlds” in 1949.

Today in history, At the Battle of Chipyong-ni, in Korea, U.N. troops contain the Chinese forces’ offensive in a two-day battle in 1951.

Today in history,  The Pope asks the United States to grant clemency to convicted spies Ethel and Julius Rosenberg in 1953.

Today in history, The United States sends 10,500 more combat troops to Vietnam in 1968.

Today in history 1/31/2020

Today in history, Guy Fawkes is hanged, drawn and quartered for his part in the Gunpowder Plot, an attempt to blow up Parliament in 1606.

Today in history, A man with two pistols misfires at President Andrew Jackson at the White House in 1835.

Today in history, House of Representatives approves a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery in 1865.

Today in history, Germans use poison gas on the Russians at Bolimov in 1915.

Today in history, President Woodrow Wilson refuses the compromise on Lusitania reparations in 1916.

Today in history, The Battle of Stalingrad ends as small groups of German soldiers of the Sixth Army surrender to the victorious Red Army forces in 1943.

Today in history, U.S. troops under Vice Adm. Spruance land on Kwajalien atoll in the Marshall Islands in 1944.

Today in history, In Vietnam, the Tet Offensive begins as Viet Cong and North Vietnamese soldiers attack strategic and civilian locations throughout South Vietnam in 1968.

Today in history, Lech Walesa announces an accord in Poland, giving Saturdays off to laborers in 1981.