Today in history, France and England form an alliance against Spain in 1657.
Today in history, Handel’s Messiah is performed for the first time in London in 1743.
Today in history, American revolutionary hero Patrick Henry (see picture below), while addressing the House of Burgesses, declares “Give me liberty, or give me death!” in 1775.
Today in history, Etta Palm (see picture below), a Dutch champion of woman’s rights, sets up a group of women’s clubs called the Confederation of the Friends of Truth in 1791.
Today in history, Hungary proclaims its independence from Austria in 1848.
Today in history, Elisha Otis (see picture below) installs the first modern passenger elevator in a public building, at the corner of Broome Street and Broadway in New York City in 1857.
Today in history, Eleazer A. Gardner of Philadelphia patents the cable street car, which runs on overhead cables in 1858.
Today in history, Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson faces his only defeat at the Battle of Kernstown, VA in 1862.
Today in history, Theodore Roosevelt begins an African safari sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Geographic Society in 1909.
Today in history, Arthur G. Hamilton sets a new parachute record, safely jumping 24,400 feet in 1921.
Today in history, Captain Hawthorne Gray sets a new balloon record soaring to 28,510 feet in 1927.
Today in history,Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. calls the Vietnam War the biggest obstacle to the civil rights movement in 1967.