Today in history 10/3/2017-10/5/2017



Today in history, Russia signs a treaty with the Turks, ending a three-year conflict between the two countries in 1739.

Today in history, The first conference on wireless telegraphy in Berlin adopts SOS as a warning signal in 1906.

Today in history, The Space Shuttle Atlantis (see picture below) makes its maiden flight in 1985.

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Today in history, After 40 years of division, East and West Germany are reunited as one nation in 1990.


Today in historyNapoleon Bonaparte rises to national prominence by suppressing armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the National Convention in 1795. He will change his surname to Bonaparte in 1796 following his first military victories.

Today in history, The Union ship USS South Carolina captures two Confederate blockade runners outside of New Orleans, La. in 1861.

Today in history, Willie Gillis Jr. (see picture below), a fictional every man created by illustrator Norman Rockwell, makes his first appearance, on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post; a series of illustrations on several magazines’ covers would depict young Gillis throughout World War II in 1941.

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Today in historySputnik 1, the first man-made satellite, is launched, beginning the “space race.” The satellite, built by Valentin Glushko, weighed 184 pounds and was launched by a converted Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). Sputnik orbited the earth every 96 minutes at a maximum height of 584 miles. In 1958, it reentered the earth’s atmosphere and burned up in 1957.


Today in history, Women of Paris march to Versailles in what will become known the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI of France about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the king and his court moved to Paris.The march will be one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution.

Today in history, The first ball-point pen is patented by Alonzo T. Cross (see picture below) in 1880.

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Today in history, Bulgaria enters World War I on the side of the Central Powers in 1915.

Today in history, Police attack civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland; the event is considered to be the beginning of “The Troubles” in 1968.

Today in history 9/16/2017-9/18/2017



Today in history, The Pilgrims sail from England on the Mayflower in 1620.

Today in history, A revolution for independence breaks out in Mexico in 1810.

Today in history, Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain in 1945.

Today in history, The U.S. 8th Army breaks out of the Pusan Perimeter (see picture below) in South Korea and begins heading north to meet MacArthur’s troops heading south from Inchon in 1950.

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Today in history, The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia approves the constitution for the United States of America in 1787.

Today in history, The Battle of Antietam in Maryland, the bloodiest day in U.S. history, commences. Fighting in the corn field, Bloody Lane and Burnside’s Bridge rages all day as the Union and Confederate armies suffer a combined 26,293 casualties in 1862.

Today in history, The German Army recaptures the Russian Port of Riga from Russian forces in 1917.

Today in history, James Forestall (see picture below) is sworn in as first the U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1947.

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Today in history, George Washington lays the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol in 1793.

Today in historyTom Thumb, the first locomotive built in the United States, loses a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse in 1830.

Today in historyMargaret Chase Smith (see picture below) becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator’s term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress in 1948.

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Today in history, The US television soap opera The Guiding Light broadcasts its final episode, ending a 72-year run that began on radio in 2009.

Today in history 9/15/2017


Today in history, The Spanish Armada, which attempted to invade England, is destroyed by a British fleet in 1588.

Today in history, The Butterfield Overland Mail Company begins delivering mail from St. Louis to San Francisco. The company’s motto is: “Remember, boys, nothing on God’s earth must stop the United States mail!” in 1858.

Today in historyConfederates capture Harpers Ferry, securing the rear of Robert E. Lee‘s forces in Maryland in 1862.

Today in history, The Dalton gang (see picture below) holds up a train and takes $2,500 at Wagoner, Oklahoma in 1891.

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Today in history, Armored tanks are introduced by the British during the Battle of the Somme in 1916.

Today in history, Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming (see picture below) discovers, by accident, that the mold penicillin has an antibiotic effect in 1928.

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Today in historySandra Day O’Connor (see picture below) is unanimously approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee to become the first female justice on the US Supreme Court in 1981.

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Today in history 9/13/2017


Today in history, Pope Paul III closes the first session of the Council of Bologna in 1549.

Today in history, The Constitutional Convention authorizes the first federal election resolving that electors in all the states will be appointed on January 7, 1789 in 1788.

Today in historyUnion troops in Frederick, Maryland, discover General Robert E. Lee‘s attack plans for the invasion of Maryland wrapped around a pack of cigars. They give the plans to General George B. McClellan who sends the Army of the Potomac to confront Lee but only after a delay of more than half a day in 1862.

Today in history, U.S. and French forces take St. Mihiel, France in America’s first action as a standing army in 1918.

Today in history, In Korea, U.S. Army troops begin their assault in Heartbreak Ridge (see picture below). The month-long struggle will cost 3,700 casualties in 1951.

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Today in history, Hurricane Gilbert becomes the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere, based on barometric pressure. Hurricane Wilma will break that record in 2005 in 1988.

Today in history 9/12/2017


Today in history, Athenian and Plataean Hoplites commanded by General Miltiades drive back a Persian invasion force under General Datis at Marathon in 490 BC.

Today in history, Henry Hudson (see picture below) sails into what is now New York Harbor aboard his sloop Half Moon in 1609.

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Today in history, Despite his failed efforts to suppress the American Revolution, Lord Cornwallis is appointed governor general of India in 1786.

Today in history, British troops retake Havincourt, Moeuvres, and Trescault along the Western Front in 1918.

Today in history, The Lascaux Caves (see picture below) in France, with their prehistoric wall paintings, are discovered in 1940.

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Today in history, East and West Germany, along with the UK, the US and the USSR—the Allied nations that had occupied post-WWII Germany—sign the final settlement for reunification of Germany in 1990.

Today in history, In New York City, the 9/11 Memorial Museum (see picture below) opens to the public in 2011.

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