Today in history 10/3/2017-10/5/2017



Today in history, Russia signs a treaty with the Turks, ending a three-year conflict between the two countries in 1739.

Today in history, The first conference on wireless telegraphy in Berlin adopts SOS as a warning signal in 1906.

Today in history, The Space Shuttle Atlantis (see picture below) makes its maiden flight in 1985.

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Today in history, After 40 years of division, East and West Germany are reunited as one nation in 1990.


Today in historyNapoleon Bonaparte rises to national prominence by suppressing armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the National Convention in 1795. He will change his surname to Bonaparte in 1796 following his first military victories.

Today in history, The Union ship USS South Carolina captures two Confederate blockade runners outside of New Orleans, La. in 1861.

Today in history, Willie Gillis Jr. (see picture below), a fictional every man created by illustrator Norman Rockwell, makes his first appearance, on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post; a series of illustrations on several magazines’ covers would depict young Gillis throughout World War II in 1941.

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Today in historySputnik 1, the first man-made satellite, is launched, beginning the “space race.” The satellite, built by Valentin Glushko, weighed 184 pounds and was launched by a converted Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). Sputnik orbited the earth every 96 minutes at a maximum height of 584 miles. In 1958, it reentered the earth’s atmosphere and burned up in 1957.


Today in history, Women of Paris march to Versailles in what will become known the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI of France about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the king and his court moved to Paris.The march will be one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution.

Today in history, The first ball-point pen is patented by Alonzo T. Cross (see picture below) in 1880.

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Today in history, Bulgaria enters World War I on the side of the Central Powers in 1915.

Today in history, Police attack civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland; the event is considered to be the beginning of “The Troubles” in 1968.

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Today in history, Eight Chicago White Sox players (see picture below) are charged with fixing the 1919 World Series in 1920.

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Today in history, Australian forces defeat the Japanese on New Guinea in the South Pacific in 1942.

Today in history, U.S. Army and Marine troops liberate Seoul, South Korea in 1950.


Today in history, William, Duke of Normandy, soon to be known as William the Conqueror invades England in 1066.

Today in history, W.C. Handy’s “Memphis Blues” is published in 1912.

Today in history, Sir Alexander Fleming (see picture below) discovers penicillin when he notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory; it remained for Howard Florey and Ernst Chain to isolate the active ingredient, allowing the “miracle drug” to be developed in the 1940s in 1928.

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Today in history, Congress votes to create a U.S. army in 1789.

Today in history, Union troops capture the Confederate Fort Harrison (see picture below), outside Petersburg, Virginia in 1864.

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Today in history, A five-day work week is established for General Motors workers in 1932.


Today in history, Mozart’s opera The Magic Flute is performed for the first time in Vienna in 1791

Today in history, The first anesthetized tooth extraction is performed by Dr. William Morton in Charleston, Massachusetts in 1846.

Today in history, Babe Ruth (see picture below) hits his 60th home run of the season off Tom Zachary in Yankee Stadium, New York City in 1927.

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Today in history, Alexander the Great decisively shatters King Darius III’s Persian army at Gaugamela (Arbela), in a tactical masterstroke that leaves him master of the Persian Empire in 331 BC.

Today in history, Maria Mitchell (see picture below), an American astronomer, discovers a comet and is elected the same day to the American Academy of Arts—the first woman to be so honored. The King of Denmark will award her a gold medal for her discovery in 1847.

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Today in history, The Ford Model T, the first car for millions of Americans, hits the market. Over 15 million Model Ts are eventually sold, all of them black in 1908.


Today in history, Having landed in Quebec a month ago, Jacques Cartier reaches a town, which he names Montreal in 1535.

Today in history, The papal states vote in favor of union with Italy. The capital is moved from Florence to Rome in 1870.

Today in history, Thurgood Marshall (see picture below), the first African-American Supreme Court justice, is sworn in. Marshall had previously been the solicitor general, the head of the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and a leading American civil rights lawyer in 1967.

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Today in history, The Pilgrims sail from England on the Mayflower in 1620.

Today in history, A revolution for independence breaks out in Mexico in 1810.

Today in history, Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain in 1945.

Today in history, The U.S. 8th Army breaks out of the Pusan Perimeter (see picture below) in South Korea and begins heading north to meet MacArthur’s troops heading south from Inchon in 1950.

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Today in history, The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia approves the constitution for the United States of America in 1787.

Today in history, The Battle of Antietam in Maryland, the bloodiest day in U.S. history, commences. Fighting in the corn field, Bloody Lane and Burnside’s Bridge rages all day as the Union and Confederate armies suffer a combined 26,293 casualties in 1862.

Today in history, The German Army recaptures the Russian Port of Riga from Russian forces in 1917.

Today in history, James Forestall (see picture below) is sworn in as first the U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1947.

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Today in history, George Washington lays the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol in 1793.

Today in historyTom Thumb, the first locomotive built in the United States, loses a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse in 1830.

Today in historyMargaret Chase Smith (see picture below) becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator’s term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress in 1948.

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Today in history, The US television soap opera The Guiding Light broadcasts its final episode, ending a 72-year run that began on radio in 2009.

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Today in history, The Great Fire of London, which devastates the city, begins in 1666.

Today in history, The Treasury Department, headed by Alexander Hamilton, is created in New York City in 1789.

Today in history, Alice Stebbins Wells (see picture below) is admitted to the Los Angeles Police Force as the first woman police officer to receive an appointment based on a civil service exam in 1910.

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Today in history, Japan signs the document of surrender aboard the USS Missouri, ending World War II in 1945.


Today in history, The American flag (stars & stripes), approved by Congress on June 14th, is carried into battle for the first time by a force under General William Maxwell in 1777.

Today in historyFrederick Douglass (see picture below) escapes slavery disguised as a sailor. He would later write The Narrative Life of Frederick Douglass, his memoirs about slave life in 1838.

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Today in history, The unmanned US spacecraft Viking 2 lands on Mars, taking the first close-up, color photos of the planet’s surface in 1976.

Today in history, Russia and China sign a demarcation agreement to end a dispute over a stretch of their border and agree they will no longer target each other with nuclear weapons in 1994.


Today in historyRobert E. Lee‘s Confederate army invades Maryland, starting the Antietam Campaign in 1862.

Today in history, The Edison electric lighting system goes into operation as a generator serving 85 paying customers is switched on in 1881.

Today in history, Beatrix Potter (see picture below) sends a note to her governess’ son with the first drawing of Peter Rabbit, Cottontail and others. The Tale of Petter Rabbit is published eight years later in 1891.

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Today in history, The first transcontinental television broadcast in America is carried by 94 stations in 1951.

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Today in history, Union and Confederate troops skirmish at Waterloo Bridge, Virginia, during the Second Bull Run Campaign in 1862.

Today in history, The National Park Service is established as part of the Department of the Interior in 1916.

Today in history, Paris is liberated from German occupation by Free French Forces under General Jacques LeClerc (see picture below) in 1944.

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Today in history, Joan of Arc (see picture below) makes a triumphant entry into Paris in 1429.

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Today in historyConfederate General Thomas ‘Stonewall’ Jackson seizes Manassas Junction, Virginia, and moves to encircle Union forces under General John Pope in 1862.

Today in history, The 19th Amendment to the Constitution is officially ratified, giving women the right to vote in 1920.


Today in history, The Rainbow Bridge (see picture below), an 1,870-foot suspension bridge over Tokyo Bay, is completed in 1993.

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Today in history, Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing within 34,646,418 miles (55,758,005 km) in 2003.

Today in history, Democrats nominate Barack Obama (see picture below) for president, the first African American nominated by a major political party for the office of President of the United States in 2008.

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Today in history, Three German cruisers are sunk by ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of World War I in 1914.

Today in history, Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war in 1945.

Today in history, One of the largest demonstrations in the history of the United States, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, takes place and reaches its climax at the base of the Lincoln Memorial when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.  (see picture below) delivers his “I have a dream” speech in 1963.

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