Today in history 1/25/2020

Today in history, Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn in 1533.

Today in history, Small farmers in Springfield, Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays, revolt against tax laws. Federal troops break up the protesters of what becomes known as Shay’s Rebellion in 1787.

Today in history, The dreaded Corn Laws, which taxed imported oats, wheat and barley, are repealed by the British Parliament in 1846.

Today in history, Alexander Graham Bell in New York and Thomas Watson in San Francisco make a record telephone transmission in 1915.

Today in history, The League of Nations plan is adopted by the Allies in 1919.

Today in history, The last German airfield in Stalingrad is captured by the Red Army in 1943.

Today in history, Axis Sally, who broadcasted Nazi propaganda to U.S. troops in Europe, stands trial in the United States for war crimes in 1949.

Today in history, The U.S. Eighth Army in Korea launches Operation Thunderbolt, a counter attack to push the Chinese Army north of the Han River in 1951.

Today in history, Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock that is accurate to within one second in 300 years in 1955.

Today in history, Shirley Chisholm, the first African American woman elected to U.S. Congress, announces candidacy for president in 1972.

Today in history, President Reagan endorses the development of the first U.S. permanently-manned space station in 1984.

Today in history 1/21/2020

Today in history, Philip Augustus, Henry II of England, and Frederick Barbarossa assemble the troops for the Third Crusade in 1189.

Today in history, In Maryland, the first woman lawyer in the colonies, Margaret Brent, is denied a vote in the Maryland Assembly in 1648.

Today in history, Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot Indians sign the treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States in 1785.

Today in history, Joseph Guillotine proposes a new, more humane method of execution: a machine designed to cut off the condemned person’s head as painlessly as possible in 1790.

Today in history, The French King Louis XVI is guillotined for treason in 1793.

Today in history, Japan rejects the American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway in 1910.

Today in history, J.D. Rockefeller pledges $1 million for the relief of Europe’s destitute in 1921.

Today in history, In North Africa, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launches a drive to push the British eastward. While the British benefited from radio-intercept-derived Ultra information, the Germans enjoyed an even speedier intelligence source in 1942.

Today in history, A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school in 1943. When the anticipated invasion of Britain failed to materialize in 1940, Londoners relaxed, but soon they faced a frightening new threat.

Today in history, Communist troops force the UN army out of Inchon, Korea after a 12-hour attack in 1951.

Today in history, The Soviet Union calls for a ban on nuclear arms in Baghdad Pact countries in 1958.

Today in history, Leonid Brezhnev and Henry Kissinger meet to discuss Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) in 1976.

Today in history 1/20/2020

Today in history, Edward II of England is deposed by his eldest son, Edward III in 1327.

Today in history, The French explorer Samuel de Champlain arrives to winter in a Huron Indian village after being wounded in a battle with Iroquois in New France in 1616.

Today in history, Britain signs a peace agreement with France and Spain, who allied against it in the American War of Independence in 1783.

Today in history, Charles Lindbergh arrives in New York, setting a cross country flying record of 14.75 hours in 1930.

Today in history, Hitler meets with Mussolini and offers aid in Albania and Greece in 1941.

Today in history, Allied forces in Italy begin unsuccessful operations to cross the Rapido River and seize Cassino in 1944.

Today in history, The Allies sign a truce with the Hungarians in 1945.

Today in history, Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for his fourth term in 1945.

Today in history, British troops occupy Ismalia, Egypt in 1952.

Today in history, Ronald Reagan is sworn in as president at the same time 52 American hostages are released from their captors in Tehran, Iran in 1981.

Today in history 1/16/2020

Today in history, Ivan IV crowns himself the new Czar of Russia in Assumption Cathedral in Moscow in 1547.

Today in history, The Council of Virginia guarantees religious freedom in 1786.

Today in history, John C. Fremont, the famed “Pathfinder” of Western exploration, is appointed governor of California in 1847.

Today in history, General William T. Sherman begins a march through the Carolinas in 1865.

Today in history, One of Ernest Shackleton‘s polar exploration teams reaches the Magnetic South Pole in 1909.

Today in history, Maxim Gorky is authorized to return to Russia after an eight year exile for political dissidence in 1914.

Today in history, Franklin D. Roosevelt asks for an extension of the Social Security Act to include more women and children in 1939.

Today in history, Eisenhower assumes supreme command of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe in 1944.

Today in history, The U.S. First and Third armies link up at Houffalize, effectively ending the Battle of the Bulge in 1945.

Today in history, The Egyptian government makes Islam the state religion in 1956.

Today in history, Eighteen are arrested in Mississippi for the murder of three civil rights workers in 1965.

Today in history, The Persian Gulf War begins. The massive U.S.-led offensive against Iraq — Operation Desert Storm — ends on February 28, 1991, when President George Bush declares a cease-fire, and Iraq pledges to honor future coalition and U.N. peace terms.

Today in history 1/15/2020

Today in history, Riots flare in Mexico when it is announced that all churches are to be closed in 1624.

Today in history, In a secret session, Congress plans to annex Spanish East Florida in 1811.

Today in history, Union troops capture Fort Fisher, North Carolina in 1865.

Today in history, The first telephone line between Berlin and New York is inaugurated in 1913.

Today in history, Peasants in Central Russia rise against the Bolsheviks in 1919.

Today in history, The Dry Law goes into effect in the United States. Selling liquor and beer becomes illegal in 1920.

Today in history, The Dumbarton Bridge opens in San Francisco carrying the first auto traffic across the bay in 1927.

Today in history, Amelia Earhart sets an aviation record for women at 171 mph in a Lockheed Vega in 1930.

Today in history, The U.S. Fifth Army successfully breaks the German Winter Line in Italy with the capture of Mount Trocchio in 1944.

Today in history, Chinese Communists occupy Tientsin after a 27-hour battle with Nationalist forces in 1949.

Today in history, UN deadline for Iraq to withdraw its forces from occupied Kuwait passes, setting the stage for Operation Desert Storm in 1991.

Today in history, Wikipedia goes online in 2001.