Today in history 10/3/2017-10/5/2017



Today in history, Russia signs a treaty with the Turks, ending a three-year conflict between the two countries in 1739.

Today in history, The first conference on wireless telegraphy in Berlin adopts SOS as a warning signal in 1906.

Today in history, The Space Shuttle Atlantis (see picture below) makes its maiden flight in 1985.

Image result for Space Shuttle Atlantis

Today in history, After 40 years of division, East and West Germany are reunited as one nation in 1990.


Today in historyNapoleon Bonaparte rises to national prominence by suppressing armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the National Convention in 1795. He will change his surname to Bonaparte in 1796 following his first military victories.

Today in history, The Union ship USS South Carolina captures two Confederate blockade runners outside of New Orleans, La. in 1861.

Today in history, Willie Gillis Jr. (see picture below), a fictional every man created by illustrator Norman Rockwell, makes his first appearance, on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post; a series of illustrations on several magazines’ covers would depict young Gillis throughout World War II in 1941.

Image result for Willie Gillis Jr.

Today in historySputnik 1, the first man-made satellite, is launched, beginning the “space race.” The satellite, built by Valentin Glushko, weighed 184 pounds and was launched by a converted Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). Sputnik orbited the earth every 96 minutes at a maximum height of 584 miles. In 1958, it reentered the earth’s atmosphere and burned up in 1957.


Today in history, Women of Paris march to Versailles in what will become known the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI of France about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the king and his court moved to Paris.The march will be one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution.

Today in history, The first ball-point pen is patented by Alonzo T. Cross (see picture below) in 1880.

Image result for Alonzo T. Cross

Today in history, Bulgaria enters World War I on the side of the Central Powers in 1915.

Today in history, Police attack civil rights demonstrators in Derry, Northern Ireland; the event is considered to be the beginning of “The Troubles” in 1968.

Today in history 9/27/2017-10/2/2017


Today in history, Eight Chicago White Sox players (see picture below) are charged with fixing the 1919 World Series in 1920.

Image result for Eight Chicago White Sox players

Today in history, Australian forces defeat the Japanese on New Guinea in the South Pacific in 1942.

Today in history, U.S. Army and Marine troops liberate Seoul, South Korea in 1950.


Today in history, William, Duke of Normandy, soon to be known as William the Conqueror invades England in 1066.

Today in history, W.C. Handy’s “Memphis Blues” is published in 1912.

Today in history, Sir Alexander Fleming (see picture below) discovers penicillin when he notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory; it remained for Howard Florey and Ernst Chain to isolate the active ingredient, allowing the “miracle drug” to be developed in the 1940s in 1928.

Image result for Sir Alexander Fleming 


Today in history, Congress votes to create a U.S. army in 1789.

Today in history, Union troops capture the Confederate Fort Harrison (see picture below), outside Petersburg, Virginia in 1864.

Image result for Confederate Fort Harrison

Today in history, A five-day work week is established for General Motors workers in 1932.


Today in history, Mozart’s opera The Magic Flute is performed for the first time in Vienna in 1791

Today in history, The first anesthetized tooth extraction is performed by Dr. William Morton in Charleston, Massachusetts in 1846.

Today in history, Babe Ruth (see picture below) hits his 60th home run of the season off Tom Zachary in Yankee Stadium, New York City in 1927.

Image result for  Babe Ruth


Today in history, Alexander the Great decisively shatters King Darius III’s Persian army at Gaugamela (Arbela), in a tactical masterstroke that leaves him master of the Persian Empire in 331 BC.

Today in history, Maria Mitchell (see picture below), an American astronomer, discovers a comet and is elected the same day to the American Academy of Arts—the first woman to be so honored. The King of Denmark will award her a gold medal for her discovery in 1847.

Image result for Maria Mitchell

Today in history, The Ford Model T, the first car for millions of Americans, hits the market. Over 15 million Model Ts are eventually sold, all of them black in 1908.


Today in history, Having landed in Quebec a month ago, Jacques Cartier reaches a town, which he names Montreal in 1535.

Today in history, The papal states vote in favor of union with Italy. The capital is moved from Florence to Rome in 1870.

Today in history, Thurgood Marshall (see picture below), the first African-American Supreme Court justice, is sworn in. Marshall had previously been the solicitor general, the head of the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and a leading American civil rights lawyer in 1967.

Image result for Thurgood Marshall

Today in history 9/23/2017-9/26/2017



Today in history, The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrives back in St. Louis just over three years after its departure in 1806.

Today in history, Mack Sennett’s first “Keystone Cops” film debuts, Cohen Collects a Debt in 1912.

Today in history, Gerrie Coetzee (Gerhardus Coetzee) (see picture below), a boxer from South Africa becomes the first boxer from the African continent to win a world heavyweight tittle (World Boxing Association) in 1983.

Image result for Gerrie Coetzee

Today in history, The first public version of the Mozilla Firefox browser is released; originally called Phoenix 0.1 its name was changed due to trademark issues with Phoenix Technologies in 2002.


Today in history, Congress passes the Judiciary Act of 1789, establishing a strong federal court system with the powers it needs to ensure the supremacy of the Constitution and federal law. The new Supreme Court will have a chief justice and five associate justices in 1789.

Today in historyPresident Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus against anyone suspected of being a Southern sympathizer in 1862.

Today in history, Noel Coward’s comedy Private Lives opens in London starring Gertrude Lawrence and Coward himself in 1930.

Today in history, The Soviet Luna 16 (see picture below) lands, completing the first unmanned round trip to the moon in 1970.

Image result for Luna 16


Today in history, Congress proposes 12 new amendments to the Constitution in 1789.

Today in history, The 12th Amendment is ratified, changing the procedure of choosing the president and vice-president in 1804.

Today in history, The first National Aeronautic Show opens at Madison Square Garden in 1909.

Today in historySandra Day O’Connor (see picture below), the first female Supreme Court Justice, is sworn in 1981.

Image result for Sandra Day O’Connor


Today in history, Sir Francis Drake returns to Plymouth, England, aboard the Golden Hind, after a 33-month voyage to circumnavigate the globe in 1580.

Today in history, Scotland Yard, the official British criminal investigation organization, is formed in 1829.

Today in history, Vice President Richard Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy participate in the first nationally televised debate (see picture below) between presidential candidates in 1960.

Image result for kennedy nixon debate color

Today in history, Richard M. Nixon meets with Emperor Hirohito in Anchorage, Alaska, the first-ever meeting of a U.S. President and a Japanese Monarch in 1972.

Today in history 9/22/2017


Today in history, Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov drive the Turkish army under Yusuf Pasha from the Rymnik River, upsetting the Turkish invasion of Russia in 1789.

Today in historyPresident Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for all slaves within the rebel states to be freed on January 1, a political move that helps keep the British from intervening on the side of the South in 1862.

Today in historyUnion General Philip Sheridan defeats Confederate General Jubal Early‘s troops at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill (see picture below) in Virginia in 1864.

Image result for Battle of Fisher’s Hill 

Today in history, The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrive in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West in 1869.

Today in history, Xavier University, the first African-American Catholic college, opens in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1915.

Today in history, Willie Mays (see picture below) of the San Francisco Giants becomes the first baseball player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 home runs in 1969.

Image result for Willie Mays

Today in history, Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time in 1991.

Today in history 9/21/2017


Today in history, Edward II of England is murdered by order of his wife in 1327.

Today in history, James Needham returns to Virginia after exploring the land to the west, which would become Tennessee in 1673.

Today in historyUnion troops defeated at Chickamauga seek refuge in Chattanooga, Tennessee, which is then besieged by Confederate troops in 1863.

Today in historyStonehenge is sold by auction for 6,600 pounds sterling ($11,500) to a Mr. Chubb, who buys it as a present for his wife in 1915. He presents it to the British nation three years later.

Today in history, The women’s airspeed record is set at 292 mph by American pilot Jacqueline Cochran (see picture below) in 1937.

Image result for Jacqueline Cochran

Today in history, J.R.R. Tolkien’s fantasy novel The Hobbit (see picture below) is published in 1937.

Image result for the hobbit 80th anniversary

Today in history, General Colin Powell (see picture below) is confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1989.

Image result for General Colin Powell

Today in history, The Galileo space mission ends as the probe is sent into Jupiter’s atmosphere where it is crushed in 2003.