Today in history 8/24/2017

WordleCh1-508/24/2017:

Today in history, Mount Vesuvius (see picture below) erupts destroying Pompeii, Stabiae, Herculaneum and other smaller settlements in 79.

Today in history, German barbarians sack Rome in 410.

Today in history, British troops under General Robert Ross capture Washington, D.C., which they set on fire in retaliation for the American burning of the parliament building in York (Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada in 1814.

Today in history, In the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, the third carrier-versus-carrier battle of the war, U.S. naval forces defeat a Japanese force attempting to screen reinforcements for the Guadalcanal fighting in 1942.

Today in history, Congress outlaws the Communist Party in the United States in 1954.

Today in history, Mikhail Gorbachev (see picture below) resigns as head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; Ukraine declares its independence from USSR in 1991.

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Today in history 8/11/2017-8/14/2017

WordleCh1-50

8/11/2017:

Today in history, President Abraham Lincoln (see picture below) appoints Union General Henry Halleck to the position of general-in-chief of the Union Army in 1862.

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Today in history, Troops from Egypt and Morocco arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the international operation to prevent Iraq from invading in 1990.

Today in historyNATO assumes command of the international peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, its first major operation outside Europe in 2003.

8/12/2017:

Today in history, Gold is discovered near Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada. After word reaches the United States in June of 1897, thousands of Americans head to the Klondike to seek their fortunes in 1896.

Today in historyHenry Ford‘s first Model T rolls off the assembly line in 1908.

Today in history, Computer giant IBM introduces its first personal computer (see picture below) in 1981.

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8/13/2017:

Today in history, The first African-American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia in 1881.

Today in history, The first coin-operated telephone (see picture below) is patented by William Gray in 1889.

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Today in history, The US Court of Appeals rules Congress must save all emails in 1993.

8/14/2017:

Today in history, The first book ever printed is published by a German astrologer named Faust (see picture below). He is thrown in jail while trying to sell books in Paris. Authorities concluded that all the identical books meant Faust had dealt with the devil in 1457.

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Today in historyJapan announces its unconditional surrender in World War II in 1945.

Today in historyPakistan becomes an independent country in 1947.

Today in history 8/5/2017

WordleCh1-508/5/2017:

Today in history, Russia, Prussia and Austria sign a treaty agreeing on the partition of Poland in 1762.

Today in history, Colonel Henry Bouquet decisively defeats the Indians at the Battle of Bushy Run in Pennsylvania during Pontiac‘s rebellion in 1763.

Today in history, A peace treaty with Tripoli–which follows treaties with Algeria and Tunis–brings an end to the Barbary Wars in 1815.

Today in history, Congress adopts the nation’s first income tax to finance the Civil War in 1861.

Today in historyHarriet Tubman (see picture below) receives a pension from Congress for her work as a nursespyand scout during the Civil War in 1892.

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Today in history, The Austro-German Army takes Warsaw, in present-day Poland, on the Eastern Front in 1915.

Today in history, The United Nations Command suspends armistice talks with the North Koreans when armed troops are spotted in neutral areas in 1951.

Today in history 7/2/2017

WordleCh1-507/2/2017:

Today in history, Oliver Cromwell (see picture below) crushes the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor in 1644.

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Today in history, The Continental Congress resolves with the Declaration of Independence that the American colonies “are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States” in 1776.

Today in history, Czar Alexander II (see picture below) frees the serfs working on imperial lands in 1858.

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Today in history, Congress establishes the Army Air Corps in 1926.

Today in history, American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart disappears in the Central Pacific during an attempt to fly around the world in 1937.

Today in history, President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act into law in 1964.

Today in history, President Jimmy Carter reinstates draft registration for males 18 years of age in 1980.

Today in history 5/7/2017

WordleCh1-505/7/2017:

Today in history, The dome of the church of St. Sophia in Constantinople collapses. Its immediate rebuilding is ordered by Justinian in 558.

Today in history, The Second Council of Lyons opens in France to regulate the election of the pope in 1274.

Today in history, Joan of Arc (see picture below) breaks the English siege of Orleans in 1429.

Today in history, Congress divides the Northwest Territory into two parts. The western part will becomes the Indiana Territory and the eastern section remains the Northwest Territory in 1800.

Today in history, Beethoven’s “Ninth Symphony” premieres in Vienna in 1824.

Today in history, The American Medical Association is formed in Philadelphia in 1847.

Today in history, In the Battle of the Coral Sea  (see picture below). Japanese and American navies attack each other with carrier-launched warplanes. It is the first time in the history of naval warfare where two fleets fought without seeing each other.Two crucial battles in 1942 marked the turning point of the war in the Pacific.

Today in history, Germany signs an unconditional surrender, effectively ending World War II in Europe in 1945.