Today in history 8/22/2017


Today in history, Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Bosworth. This victory establishes the Tudor dynasty in England and ends the Wars of the Roses in 1485.

Today in history, Civil war in England begins as Charles I declares war on Parliament at Nottingham in 1642.

Today in history, Brazil declares war on the Axis powers. She is the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe in 1942.

Today in historyDevil’s Island‘s penal colony (see picture below) is permanently closed in 1956.

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Today in history, OAS (Secret Army Organization) gunmen unsuccessfully attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle; the incident inspires Frederick Forsyth’s novel, The Day of the Jackal in 1962.

Today in history, The first complete ring around Neptune (see picture below) is discovered in 1989.

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Today in history, In an art heist, a version of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway in 2005.

Today in history, The most runs scored by any team in modern MLB history is recorded as the Texas Rangers thump the Baltimore Orioles 30-3 in 2007.


Today in history 8/6/2017


Today in historyJohn Cabot (see picture below) returns to England after his first successful journey to the Labrador coast.

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Today in history, The CSS Alabama captures the USS Sea Bride near the Cape of Good Hope in 1863.

Today in history, The Japanese army in Korea surrounds a Russian army retreating to Manchuria in 1904.

Today in history, Paul Tibbets, the commander of Enola Gay, (see picture below) drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. It was the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, that induced the Japanese to surrender in 1945.

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Today in historyPresident Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act, outlawing the literacy test for voting eligibility in the South in 1965.

Today in history 7/21/2017


Today in history, Henry IV defeats the Percys in the Battle of Shrewsbury in England in 1403.

Today in history, The Peace of Breda ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War and cedes Dutch New Amsterdam to the English in 1667.

Today in history, Russia and Turkey sign the Treaty of Pruth, ending the year-long Russo-Turkish War in 1711.

Today in history, In the first major battle of the Civil WarConfederate forces defeat the Union Army along Bull Run near Manassas Junction, Virginia. The battle becomes known as Manassas by the Confederates, while the Union calls it Bull Run in 1861.

Today in historyWild Bill Hickok (see picture below) kills gunman Dave Tutt in Springfield, Missouri, in what is regarded as the first formal quick-draw duel in 1865.

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Today in history, The James Gang (see picture below) robs a train in Adair, Iowa in 1873.

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Today in history, Mary Church Terrell (see picture below) founds the National Association of Colored Women in Washington, D.C. in 1896.

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Today in historyJohn Scopes is found guilty for teaching evolution in Dayton, Tenn., and is fined $100 in 1925.

Today in history, Sirimavo Bandaranaike (see picture below) becomes the first woman prime minister of Ceylon in 1960.

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Today in history 7/20/2017


Today in history, Tamerlane’s Mongols defeat the Ottoman Turks at Angora in 1402.

Today in history,The Riot Act goes into effect in England in 1715.

Today in history, Imperial troops in Guizhou, China, kill 20,000 Miao rebels in 1867.

Today in history, The U.S. Army Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) begins its first training class at Fort Des Moines, Iowa in 1942.

Today in historyNeil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin (see picture below) become the first men to walk on the moon in 1969.

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Today in history, The Viking spacecraft (see picture below) lands on Mars and begins taking soil samples in 1976.

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Today in history 7/17/2017


Today in history, France defeats England at Castillon, France, ending the Hundred Years’ War in 1453.

Today in history, Ottoman forces, supported by the British, capture Aboukir, Egypt from the French in 1799.

Today in history, The U.S. fleet arrives in Tripoli in 1801.

Today in historyNapoleon Bonaparte (see picture below) surrenders to the British at Rochefort, France in 1815.

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Today in history, U.S. troops under General William R. Shafter (see picture below) take Santiago de Cuba during the Spanish-American War in 1898.

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Today in history, Chinese communists attack the Nationalist army on the Yangtze River in 1946.