Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.
Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.
Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.
Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.
Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.
Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.
Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.
Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.